Biography Federico García Lorca - Spanish poet

Biography Federico García Lorca - Spanish poet

Federico García Lorca (born 5th June 1898 – died 19th August 1936) was a Spanish poet, dramatist, theatre director, a talented artist and a member of the 'Generation of 1927', which was a group of writers, who advocated avant-gardism in literature. He was born near Granada in Fuente Vaqueros, a village on the banks of the River Genil in southern Spain.

His father, Federico García Rodriguez, was a prosperous farmer. Vicenta Lorca Romero. His mother was a schoolteacher before becoming Federico's second wife.

Lorca was interested in literature and the arts from a young age, and he moved to Madrid in 1919 to study at the University of Madrid. There, he became involved with a group of avant-garde artists and writers, including Salvador Dalí and Luis Buñuel, who would later become famous in their own right.

In 1921, Lorca published his first book of poems, "Impresiones y paisajes" ("Impressions and Landscapes"), which received critical acclaim. Over the next few years, he continued to publish poetry, plays, and essays, becoming known for his use of traditional Andalusian themes and imagery.

In the 1920s and 1930s, Lorca became involved in the theatrical scene in Madrid, working as a director and playwright. His most famous plays include "Blood Wedding," "Yerma," and "The House of Bernarda Alba," which explore themes of love, passion, and social issues such as the role of women in Spanish society.

When the Spanish Civil war broke out in 1936, García Lorca was seen by the right-wing fascist forces as an enemy due to his political views and sexual orientation. He was abducted by Falangists of the 'Black Squad' and reportedly shot in Granada on August 19th or 20th 1936 without trial. The exact circumstances of his death are still shrouded in mystery and his body has never been found.

His death had a profound impact on the literary and artistic communities in Spain and beyond, and he is remembered as one of the most important writers of the Spanish-language canon. His works continue to be studied and performed to this day, and he is widely regarded as a symbol of artistic freedom and political resistance.

The Catalan artist Salvador Dalí and Lorca met in 1923. From the beginning, Lorca was fascinated by the young Dali. And Dalí had admitted that Lorca impressed him deeply. Lorca's friendship with Dalí inspired a poem, a defense of modern art and at the same time an expression of homosexual love. García Lorca's central themes are love, pride, passion and violent death, which came to reflect his own life.

Lorca visited Barcelona many times. He enjoyed Barcelona's pedestrian street Las Ramblas immensely, saying that it was "the only street in the world which I wish would never end".

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Last Updated on Friday, 19 January 2024 11:28